A city dating back to 7500 bc

; also Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük; from Turkish çatal "fork" höyük "mound") was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in southern Anatolia, which existed from approximately 7500 BC to 5700 BC, and flourished around 7000 BC.

“Out of these 19 dates, six dates are from the early levels, and the time bracket is forming from 7500 BC to 6200 BC.” Since the early excavations at Harappa and Mohenjodaro, in what is today Pakistan, the Indus Civilization has been considered among the world's most ancient civilizations — along with Egypt and Mesopotamia (in what is today Iraq).The prehistoric mound settlements were abandoned before the Bronze Age.A channel of the Çarşamba river once flowed between the two mounds, and the settlement was built on alluvial clay which may have been favourable for early agriculture.But the six samples discovered at Bhirrana include relatively advanced pottery, known as “hakra ware,” that suggests the ancient Harappan civilization began much earlier than previously believed — and that its epicenter lies in the Indian states of Harayana and Rajasthan, rather than across the border.As Dikshit and his colleague, BR Mani, current joint director general of the ASI, write in a recent note on their findings: “The earliest levels at Bhirrana and Kunal yielded ceramics and antiquities ...

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